Invasive Plants

The List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) and national lists of invasive alien plants from each study country (see Project > Literature) formed the basis for the list of invasive alien plants along roadsides. The species were checked for their occurrence and spread along roadsides. All information needed was gathered from the original source (i.e. the national lists), by an extensive literature search, floristic databases, and expert consultation.

Total: 44 |
Classified as invasive in:
Taxon name Family Life form Origin EU
Fallopia japonica Polygonaceae G Asia
Calystegia sepium subsp. spectabilis Convolvulaceae G Russia, Japan
Fallopia x bohemica Polygonaceae G Hybrid
Fallopia sachalinensis Polygonaceae G Asia
Linaria repens Scrophulariaceae G Europe
Cerastium tomentosum Caryophyllaceae C S-Europe
Vinca minor Apocynaceae C Europe, Asia
Bergenia cordifolia Saxifragaceae H Asia
Myrrhis odorata Apiaceae H Europe
Solidago gigantea Asteraceae H North America
Centaurea montana Asteraceae H Europe
Petasites japonicus Asteraceae H Asia
Heracleum mantegazzianum Apiaceae H Caucasus
Solidago canadensis Aceraceae H North America
Heracleum persicum Apiaceae H W-Asia
Bunias orientalis Brassicaceae H W-Asia, E-Europe
Lupinus polyphyllus Fabaceae H North America
Viola odorata Violaceae H Europe
Epilobium ciliatum Onagraceae H North America
Lotus corniculatus Fabaceae H Europe
Alchemilla mollis Rosaceae H Caucasus, W-Asia
Lupinus nootkatensis Fabaceae H North America
Lupinus perennis Fabaceae H North America
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. carpatica Fabaceae H Europe
Melilotus albus Fabaceae T S-Europe, W-Europe
Odontites verna Scrophulariaceae T Europe
Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae T India
Impatiens parviflora Balsaminaceae T Asia
Berberis thunbergii Berberidaceae N Asia
Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae N Europe
Cotoneaster divaricatus Rosaceae N Asia
Sorbus mougeotii Rosaceae N Europe
Cotoneaster lucidus Rosaceae N Asia
Sorbaria sorbifolia Rosaceae N Asia
Cornus sericea Cornaceae N North America
Cornus alba Cornaceae N E-Asia
Laburnum alpinum Fabaceae N Europe
Syringa vulgaris Oleaceae N SW-Europe
Rosa rugosa Rosaceae N E-Asia
Lonicera involucrata Caprifoliaceae N North America
Amelanchier spicata Rosaceae N North America
Acer pseudoplatanus Aceraceae M Europe, W-Asia
Malus domestica Rosaceae M Cultivated plant
Senecio inaequidens Asteraceae S South Africa