Invasive Plants

The List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) and national lists of invasive alien plants from each study country (see Project > Literature) formed the basis for the list of invasive alien plants along roadsides. The species were checked for their occurrence and spread along roadsides. All information needed was gathered from the original source (i.e. the national lists), by an extensive literature search, floristic databases, and expert consultation.

Total: 44 |
Classified as invasive in:
Taxon name Family Life form Origin EU
Vinca minor Apocynaceae C Europe, Asia
Syringa vulgaris Oleaceae N SW-Europe
Melilotus albus Fabaceae T S-Europe, W-Europe
Heracleum persicum Apiaceae H W-Asia
Heracleum mantegazzianum Apiaceae H Caucasus
Fallopia x bohemica Polygonaceae G Hybrid
Cornus alba Cornaceae N E-Asia
Rosa rugosa Rosaceae N E-Asia
Cerastium tomentosum Caryophyllaceae C S-Europe
Calystegia sepium subsp. spectabilis Convolvulaceae G Russia, Japan
Alchemilla mollis Rosaceae H Caucasus, W-Asia
Acer pseudoplatanus Aceraceae M Europe, W-Asia
Senecio inaequidens Asteraceae S South Africa
Malus domestica Rosaceae M Cultivated plant
Myrrhis odorata Apiaceae H Europe
Odontites verna Scrophulariaceae T Europe
Centaurea montana Asteraceae H Europe
Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae N Europe
Sorbus mougeotii Rosaceae N Europe
Laburnum alpinum Fabaceae N Europe
Linaria repens Scrophulariaceae G Europe
Viola odorata Violaceae H Europe
Lotus corniculatus Fabaceae H Europe
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. carpatica Fabaceae H Europe
Bunias orientalis Brassicaceae H W-Asia, E-Europe
Fallopia japonica Polygonaceae G Asia
Berberis thunbergii Berberidaceae N Asia
Bergenia cordifolia Saxifragaceae H Asia
Petasites japonicus Asteraceae H Asia
Fallopia sachalinensis Polygonaceae G Asia
Cotoneaster divaricatus Rosaceae N Asia
Cotoneaster lucidus Rosaceae N Asia
Sorbaria sorbifolia Rosaceae N Asia
Impatiens parviflora Balsaminaceae T Asia
Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae T India
Solidago gigantea Asteraceae H North America
Solidago canadensis Aceraceae H North America
Cornus sericea Cornaceae N North America
Lupinus polyphyllus Fabaceae H North America
Lonicera involucrata Caprifoliaceae N North America
Epilobium ciliatum Onagraceae H North America
Lupinus nootkatensis Fabaceae H North America
Amelanchier spicata Rosaceae N North America
Lupinus perennis Fabaceae H North America