Invasive Plants

The List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) and national lists of invasive alien plants from each study country (see Project > Literature) formed the basis for the list of invasive alien plants along roadsides. The species were checked for their occurrence and spread along roadsides. All information needed was gathered from the original source (i.e. the national lists), by an extensive literature search, floristic databases, and expert consultation.

Total: 44 |
Classified as invasive in:
Taxon name Family Life form Origin EU
Heracleum mantegazzianum Apiaceae H Caucasus
Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae T India
Heracleum persicum Apiaceae H W-Asia
Fallopia japonica Polygonaceae G Asia
Berberis thunbergii Berberidaceae N Asia
Melilotus albus Fabaceae T S-Europe, W-Europe
Senecio inaequidens Asteraceae S South Africa
Bergenia cordifolia Saxifragaceae H Asia
Myrrhis odorata Apiaceae H Europe
Solidago gigantea Asteraceae H North America
Calystegia sepium subsp. spectabilis Convolvulaceae G Russia, Japan
Odontites verna Scrophulariaceae T Europe
Fallopia x bohemica Polygonaceae G Hybrid
Centaurea montana Asteraceae H Europe
Petasites japonicus Asteraceae H Asia
Fallopia sachalinensis Polygonaceae G Asia
Cerastium tomentosum Caryophyllaceae C S-Europe
Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae N Europe
Cotoneaster divaricatus Rosaceae N Asia
Sorbus mougeotii Rosaceae N Europe
Cotoneaster lucidus Rosaceae N Asia
Sorbaria sorbifolia Rosaceae N Asia
Solidago canadensis Aceraceae H North America
Cornus sericea Cornaceae N North America
Bunias orientalis Brassicaceae H W-Asia, E-Europe
Impatiens parviflora Balsaminaceae T Asia
Cornus alba Cornaceae N E-Asia
Lupinus polyphyllus Fabaceae H North America
Laburnum alpinum Fabaceae N Europe
Syringa vulgaris Oleaceae N SW-Europe
Rosa rugosa Rosaceae N E-Asia
Linaria repens Scrophulariaceae G Europe
Vinca minor Apocynaceae C Europe, Asia
Acer pseudoplatanus Aceraceae M Europe, W-Asia
Lonicera involucrata Caprifoliaceae N North America
Viola odorata Violaceae H Europe
Epilobium ciliatum Onagraceae H North America
Lotus corniculatus Fabaceae H Europe
Alchemilla mollis Rosaceae H Caucasus, W-Asia
Lupinus nootkatensis Fabaceae H North America
Amelanchier spicata Rosaceae N North America
Lupinus perennis Fabaceae H North America
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. carpatica Fabaceae H Europe
Malus domestica Rosaceae M Cultivated plant