Invasive Plants

The List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) and national lists of invasive alien plants from each study country (see Project > Literature) formed the basis for the list of invasive alien plants along roadsides. The species were checked for their occurrence and spread along roadsides. All information needed was gathered from the original source (i.e. the national lists), by an extensive literature search, floristic databases, and expert consultation.

Total: 24 |
Classified as invasive in:
Taxon name Family Life form Origin EU
Solidago gigantea Asteraceae H North America
Solidago canadensis Aceraceae H North America
Lupinus polyphyllus Fabaceae H North America
Conyza canadensis Asteraceae T North America
Amelanchier spicata Rosaceae N North America
Lonicera involucrata Caprifoliaceae N North America
Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae T India
Fallopia japonica Polygonaceae G Asia
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa Fabaceae H Asia
Impatiens parviflora Balsaminaceae T Asia
Trifolium pratense subsp. sativum Fabaceae H Europe
Verbascum speciosum Scrophulariaceae H Europe
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. carpatica Fabaceae H Europe
Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae N Europe
Lamium galeobdolon Lamiaceae C Cultivated plant
Senecio inaequidens Asteraceae S South Africa
Amelanchier confusa Rosaceae N Not known
Cerastium tomentosum Caryophyllaceae C S-Europe
Rosa rugosa Rosaceae N E-Asia
Spiraea x billardii Rosaceae N Hybrid
Heracleum mantegazzianum Apiaceae H Caucasus
Phedimus spurius Crassulaceae C Caucasus
Heracleum persicum Apiaceae H W-Asia
Senecio leucanthemifolius Asteraceae T E-Europe, W-Asia