Invasive Plants

The List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) and national lists of invasive alien plants from each study country (see Project > Literature) formed the basis for the list of invasive alien plants along roadsides. The species were checked for their occurrence and spread along roadsides. All information needed was gathered from the original source (i.e. the national lists), by an extensive literature search, floristic databases, and expert consultation.

Total: 24 |
Classified as invasive in:
Taxon name Family Life form Origin EU
Fallopia japonica Polygonaceae G Asia
Lamium galeobdolon Lamiaceae C Cultivated plant
Phedimus spurius Crassulaceae C Caucasus
Cerastium tomentosum Caryophyllaceae C S-Europe
Solidago gigantea Asteraceae H North America
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa Fabaceae H Asia
Heracleum mantegazzianum Apiaceae H Caucasus
Solidago canadensis Aceraceae H North America
Lupinus polyphyllus Fabaceae H North America
Trifolium pratense subsp. sativum Fabaceae H Europe
Verbascum speciosum Scrophulariaceae H Europe
Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. carpatica Fabaceae H Europe
Heracleum persicum Apiaceae H W-Asia
Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae T India
Senecio leucanthemifolius Asteraceae T E-Europe, W-Asia
Conyza canadensis Asteraceae T North America
Impatiens parviflora Balsaminaceae T Asia
Amelanchier confusa Rosaceae N Not known
Spiraea x billardii Rosaceae N Hybrid
Rosa rugosa Rosaceae N E-Asia
Amelanchier spicata Rosaceae N North America
Lonicera involucrata Caprifoliaceae N North America
Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae N Europe
Senecio inaequidens Asteraceae S South Africa